For everyone, cultivating regular cannabis isn’t that difficult. There are lots of tutorials and guides in today’s generation. In the simplest form possible, all you need is soil, a pot, and a seed. That’s it! But for others, this might not be the case. Especially if you want to grow popular Marijuana strains, or just want to produce high-grade marijuana.
For others, growing Marijuana might just be as difficult as growing other plants. Having access to a good marijuana guide could help you tremendously and improve the outcome of your buds and flowers.
In this article, we’ve listed a comprehensive guide not only for beginners but for experts as well on how to cultivate regular cannabis. This guide will help you explore the best ways on how to grow your cannabis depending on your situation.
There are two popular ways on how to cultivate cannabis, either Indoors or Outdoors. For your marijuana plants to flourish, they need the following:
- Light– whether you plant indoors or outdoors, plants need light for photosynthesis and their overall health. A substantial amount of stable light will give you better yields.
- Air– a growing setup with proper ventilation will prevent molds and other diseases from forming.
- Growing Medium– this the part where your Marijuana plants grow in. Soil is a popular choice!
- Nutrients– many sellers of formulated water can be incorporated daily to your plants. The other option is you can compost your soil beforehand; in this way, there’s already an abundance of nutrients.
- Temperature– always regulate the temperate and take note of the climate you live in. Although cannabis plants are adaptable, they are prone to harsh weather conditions.
- Water– like most living species in this world, we all need water to live.
Before starting, it is important to know what type of growth are you planning. As we’ve mentioned earlier, there are two types, Outdoor cultivation, and indoor growth.
Step 1: What is your preferred growing set up?
Growing indoors provides a good sense of control within your plants. Also, growing Indoors is more private than outdoor cultivation. Depending on your setup, indoor cultivation can be cheap or expensive. It varies how many plants you are trying to grow.
By having more control of your plant means producing dank buds. These dank buds are of high-quality cannabis products. However, if you want to produce high-quality buds, it comes with a lot of responsibility. Plants are more reliant with you than the outdoor cultivation; they heavily rely on the care and attention you give to them. But, if you provide them with everything, they will flourish!
You can almost grow marijuana plants anywhere in your home if you plan on just planting a few ones. The bigger space, the more you can plant marijuana. When you want to plant marijuana indoors, you should provide them with proper light cycles and ventilation. In this way, the abundance of light will give you more compact buds, and proper ventilation will prevent molds from forming in your buds.
Growing marijuana plants outdoor is a tad cheaper; they only rely on Sunlight to be healthy and a good amount of TLC from the growers. The only disadvantage when growing Marijuana outdoors is privacy and climate. Marijuana plants are an eye-catcher for the cops, especially if you grow illegally, or people trying to steal your cannabis, unwanted visitors, or just pests.
Climate also plays a crucial role in their lives; they are vulnerable to unforgiving conditions; however – you have to thank the Sun because she’s the one who does the heavy-lifting in their life.
Also, keep in mind the climate you live in, what’s hot for you is hot for them too. However, they are highly adaptable. If you find it dry, water them, if it is raining, protect them from flooding.
Step 2: Choose your light source.
For outdoor cultivation, all you need is a daily dose of sunlight exposure to the sun. This is the reason why it is ideal for beginners and experts to grow their marijuana outdoors; the light is provided already. We highly recommend your plants to have 8 hours or more of daylight exposure.
For Indoors cultivation, you’ll have to deal with various types of light because the Sun is not provided indoors. Compact fluorescent lights are mainly used to light up our homes; they aren’t beneficial for growing purposes due to the area they can cover. Fluorescent lights are the ideal
choice when growing indoors; they cover a lot of ground for your plants, especially in the borders of your grow space.
Also, fluorescent lights are cheap and cost-effective. There are tons of options for your grow lights, there are these LEC, or Light-emitting Ceramic which are also good for growing, and there are LED grow lights too, they are quite expensive when you compare it with its counterparts. However, they are specifically made for growing plants and cannabis. This may be the best choice if you have the budget. But for people on tight budgets, CFL or Fluorescent lights will do.
Step 3: Select your Growing Medium
Providing the best soil medium will be a detrimental factor to the overall health of your cannabis plants. Although there are many varieties of soil medium, we highly recommend soil compost. It’s a cheaper alternative, and you can do this before your growing set up.
Marijuana plants grown on compost soil relatively give you a great result. Also, it’s pretty cheap and cost-effective. For growers having an extra budget, providing them with pre-made mixes will do wonders, they aren’t as pricey as everybody thought. They are supplemented soils perfect for your marijuana plants as long as you provide your marijuana plants with nutrient-rich soil, your off to a good start!
Step 4: Nutrients and pH Level
For soil growers who aren’t growing their Marijuana with a composted soil, it is important to provide cannabis nutrients that were made for soil; this is to make sure that your plants produce at their very best.
For pH levels, it is essential to take into account the amount of pH level in your roots to prevent nutrient deficiency. The best way to do this is by checking the acidity of your water through a pH kit. For soil growers, the safest levels should be around 6.0 to 7.0, monitoring and maintaining the pH level should be a must.
Step 5: It’s about time to get your Marijuana seeds/plants!
For those people lucky enough to have friends or relatives growing marijuana, getting a piece of their collection won’t hurt. However, for unlucky people, there are marijuana seed banks scattered all over the world, they are relatively cheap, and most growers should afford them. There are a lot of reputable seeds banks to choose from; you just have to do your research in finding the right seeds for you!
Buying the right marijuana will prove beneficial in the overall outcome of your project. It’s a great advantage knowing you have the best quality of seeds you can provide.
Step 6: Germinating your Seeds
If you are lucky enough to ask for a Marijuana plant from your friend/relative, you can skip this one.
For people who have the marijuana seeds, the easiest way to germinate your seeds is through the paper towel method, you just simply wet your paper towel and put the seeds inside and fold the towel. After that, enclose them with 2 plates and place them where it is safe for them to avoid contact with other unwanted visitors.
You will only need a paper towel, 2 plates, water, seeds, and a place to sprout your seeds
Step 7: Vegetative Phase
Once your plants grow their first leaves, this is already called the vegetative stage. This is the part where it is thrilling the most; this is the stage where they grow fast, especially when you provide warmer temperatures similar to room temperature—around 20C to 30C.
In this stage, your plant only does one thing. Keep GROWING! However, they are not forming flowers and buds yet. Don’t get too excited!
If you are feeding your plant with nutrients, start only by 50%, or if you think they need the nutrients. When they exhibit poor leaf quality, it might be time to provide them with all the nutrients and water. Once they grow vigorously, up for nutrients supply to 75%, always remember not to overfeed them, too much of a good thing plays a detrimental factor on how they grow.
Step 8: Flowering Phase
This is the part where it gets very exciting! Your plants will start to grow flowers and buds until the last harvest! However, during this stage, you need to do the following:
- Changing the 12/12 light cycle.
- Determining who’s female and male.
- Toss out all males!
Light for Indoors
To start, monitor their flowering; you have to change into a 12/12 light cycle. By this, the plant should have 12 hours of darkness and 12 hours of light; this will trigger marijuana to blossom!
You don’t have to change anything. Your marijuana plants will naturally flower.
This is the phase of your Marijuana plant’s life where they are transitioning to teenage years. For people growing regular seeds, sadly half of your plants will be male. Male plants don’t develop buds as female plants do. So, it is important to throw them away to avoid pollinating other female plants.
When a female plant is pollinated by a male plant, it diverts its attention from making potent buds to focusing on having seeds. This results in poor quality buds.
To determine which is which, female plants exhibit wispy white hairs on the top of their branch joints. These are called pistils that form around the calyxes of female plants. They are easily distinguishable. Male plants are easily distinguished as they start growing pollen sacs, they are like balls when you observe them.
Step 9: Now is the time for harvest!
When you notice that your female plants’ white hairs have darkened/mostly darkened or stop growing buds, this is the right time to harvest them. By this time, the buds should be aromatic enough.
Step 10: The Final Step! Curing your New buds!
After you’ve cut out all the unnecessary parts of your newly harvested buds, it is about time to dry them out. In doing so, you must dry them upside down in a cool and dark place. We recommend having a room with proper ventilation to accelerate the drying process!
Once they dried out, it is now time to cure them. In curing, you need to put them in tightly-secured jars in a dark place. Curing them will intensify their effects and will taste and smell good.
You have to open the jars daily for the next 2 weeks, to release moisture and for your buds to have fresh air! After you cannabis is cured for about two weeks, it’s about time to open the lid once a week. And you’re done!
Usually, curing depends on the users and how they want their buds to be.
Cultivating marijuana requires significant time and dedication to be truly successful. In this guide, we are hopeful that it helped you in some ways possible. Always remember that the first part is the hardest; the result will define your perseverance and hard work! Happy growing!